Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD) is a spontaneous, X-linked, progressively fatal disease of dogs and is also a homologue of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Affected dogs show raised creatine kinase levels, muscle atrophy with contractures, hyaline myofiber degeneration with mineralization, endomysial and perimysial fibrosis with fatty infiltration, and cardiomyopathy.
Test specific information
The disease may show itself on different ages, in which it cannot be estimated when the first symptoms may show themselves. Differences may exist between littermates, and between breeds.
Normally the result can be expected within 15 working days. This turn-around-time starts when both the sample and the fully filled-out and signed submission form have been received.
Location of disease or trait
The disease is present in muscle. Depending on the effect, degeneration of muscle may take place. Alternatively, recovery following exercise may be deteriorated.
This DNA test is available for the following breeds: Golden Retriever.
For this DNA test we accept the following materials: Blood EDTA, Swab, Blood Heparin, Semen, Tissue. Please contact PharmaDNA if you wish to submit other material as listed.
The following results are possible for a female: the mode of
is based on recessive or dominant patterns.The following results are possible for a male:
- A male animal has the sex chromosome Y and a healthy allel. When used in breeding, this animal will not become affected by the disease, nor will the disease be inherited to the next generation.
- A male animal has the sex chromosome Y and a disease allel. When used in breeding, this animal will become affected by the disease. Also, male offspring will receive the Y-chromosome, whereas female offspring will receive the disease allele.
The disease is inherited in an X-chromosomal manner. This means, that female individuals can be free (homozygous normal), affected (homozygous affected) or carrier (heterozygous). Male individuals carry only one copy of the X-chromosome, which results in the effect that male carriers will also be affected. Female carriers may spread the disease in a population without showing symptoms themselves. Because of this, it is extremely important to identify carriers correctly to prevent spreading of a disease.
Severity of Disease